A home-based dementia care pilot program delivered by non-clinical caregivers led to a number of improvements in quality of life and delaying seniors’ transition from home to other care settings, according to a recent study.
While dementia can often be associated with high healthcare costs and long-term care placement, a program called The Maximizing Independence at Home (MIND) Pilot can keep afflicted seniors living safely in their homes for longer periods of time before the need to transfer to a long-term care facility or institutionalized setting.
The results of the program were detailed in a recent study published by Johns Hopkins University researchers in The American Journal of Geriatric Psychology.
Over an 18-month period, seniors who received care coordination under the MIND program via home visits were able to live in their homes a median of 288 extra days, or approximately 9.5 months.
Additionally, researchers found that seniors involved with the program that met regularly with care coordinators were significantly less likely to leave their homes or die than those in the control group—30% compared with 45.6%, respectively.
As Alzheimer’s disease and related dementias affect 5.4 million Americans, with 80% receiving care in the community by 15 million unpaid, informal caregivers, the study ultimately suggests that a multi-component home-based approach could have serious implications for improving quality of life and reducing health care-related costs.
“Consistent with two prior trials, it appears that multicomponent supportive dementia care programs can improve the ability to age-in-place,” writes Dr. Quincy M. Samus, the study’s lead author. “This is the first study to our knowledge that has demonstrated a significant impact on time to leaving the home when the intervention duration is less than 24 months.”
Participants in the MIND program included 303 seniors age 70 and older with cognitive disorders. Of these total seniors, 265 had dementia and 38 with mild cognitive impairment.
Coordinators in the trial conducted a number of assessments related to home safety, nutrition and physical health.
None of the coordinators had clinical backgrounds or prior training in caring for individuals with cognitive disorders, which researchers suggest can help further the opportunity to maximize the potential future workforce’s ability in implementing MIND.
“This approach is responsive to the National Alzheimer’s Project Act and has the potential to reshape the current dementia care delivery paradigm by linking, in a novel and cost-efficient way, medical and community-based care services,” Samus writes.
Written by Jason Oliva